Quick Answer: What did Gordon Allport contribution to psychology?

His important introductory work on the theory of personality was Personality: A Psychological Interpretation (1937). Allport is best known for the concept that, although adult motives develop from infantile drives, they become independent of them. Allport called this concept functional autonomy.

What did Allport contribution to psychology?

Allport contributed to the trait theory of personality, and is known as a “trait” psychologist. He did not believe that people can be classified according to a small number of trait dimensions, maintaining that each person is unique and distinguished by peculiar traits.

What was Gordon Allport’s contribution to the trait perspective?

Allport created a highly influential three-tiered hierarchy of personality traits, consisting of: Cardinal traits: Rare, but strongly deterministic of behavior. Central traits: Present to varying degrees in all people. Central traits influence, but do not determine, an individual’s behavior.

What is social psychology According to Gordon Allport?

Allport’s definition of social psychology as ” the science which studies the behavior of the individual in so far as his behavior stimulates other individuals, or is itself a reaction to their behavior; and which describes the consciousness of the individual in so far as it is a.

IMPORTANT:  What are challenging behaviors in the classroom?

What contributions did Gordon Allport’s motivation and personal theory make to the field of psychology?

His important introductory work on the theory of personality was Personality: A Psychological Interpretation (1937). Allport is best known for the concept that, although adult motives develop from infantile drives, they become independent of them. Allport called this concept functional autonomy.

How did Erik Erikson contribute to psychology?

Erikson’s stage theory of psychosocial development generated interest and research on human development through the lifespan. An ego psychologist who studied with Anna Freud, Erikson expanded psychoanalytic theory by exploring development throughout life, including events of childhood, adulthood, and old age.

What did Raymond Cattell contribution to psychology?

Psychologist Raymond Cattell is best known for his 16-factor personality model, developing the concept of fluid versus crystallized intelligence, and working with factor and multivariate analysis.

What is Allport’s concept of functional autonomy?

Allport’s concept of functional autonomy proposes that motives in the normal, mature adult are independent of their childhood experiences in which they originally appeared. The forces that motivated us early in life become autonomous, or independent of our original circumstances, in an adult human.

What did Allport believe about emotionally healthy adults?

Allport believed healthy individuals function on a rational and conscious level, aware and in control of the forces that guide them. Mature persons are directed by the present and by their intentions toward the future.

What did Allport consider a character?

Allport believed that central traits are much more common and serve as the basic building blocks of most people’s personality. If you think of the major terms you might use to describe your overall character; then those are probably your central traits. You might describe yourself as smart, kind, and outgoing.

IMPORTANT:  What are the most common nervous system disorders?

What is Cattell personality theory?

Cattell (1957) identified 16 factors or dimensions of personality: warmth, reasoning, emotional stability, dominance, liveliness, rule-consciousness, social boldness, sensitivity, vigilance, abstractedness, privateness, apprehension, openness to change, self-reliance, perfectionism, and tension ([link]).

What is the emotional reaction of Allport during his meeting with Freud?

According to Allport, Freud responded to the story by stating, “And was that little boy you?” Allport felt that Freud’s response was highly dismissive of his current feelings and motivations.