The nervous system has two parts, called the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system due to their location in the body. The central nervous system (CNS) includes the nerves in the brain and spinal cord. It is safely contained within the skull and vertebral canal of the spine.
Where does the nervous system function?
Your nervous system is your body’s command center. Originating from your brain, it controls your movements, thoughts and automatic responses to the world around you. It also controls other body systems and processes, such as digestion, breathing and sexual development (puberty).
What are the 3 nervous systems?
It has three parts: The sympathetic nervous system. The parasympathetic nervous system. The enteric nervous system.
Which part of the nervous system is found throughout the body?
The nervous system is made up of the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system: The brain and the spinal cord are the central nervous system. The nerves that go through the whole body make up the peripheral nervous system.
What are the 5 main parts of the nervous system?
The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the rest of the body.
- Afferent, Efferent, and Mixed Nerves. …
- Cranial Nerves. …
- Spinal Nerves.
What is the largest nerve in the body?
The sciatic nerve is the largest and longest nerve in the human body, originating at the base of the spine and running along the back of each leg into the foot.
What diseases affect the nervous system?
Nervous system diseases
- Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease affects brain function, memory and behaviour. …
- Bell’s palsy. …
- Cerebral palsy. …
- Epilepsy. …
- Motor neurone disease (MND) …
- Multiple sclerosis (MS) …
- Neurofibromatosis. …
- Parkinson’s disease.
How do I control my nervous system?
Stress also can affect your nervous system, but you can do a few things to manage it:
- Exercise regularly.
- Give yourself permission to take a break.
- Spend quality time with family and friends.
- Meditate or practice mindfulness with yoga or other activities.
What part of brain controls nervous system?
The hypothalamus handles information that comes from the autonomic nervous system. It plays a role in controlling functions such as eating, sexual behavior and sleeping; and regulates body temperature, emotions, secretion of hormones and movement.
Which part of the nervous system is the control center?
Although the brain is the control center, its job would not be possible without the spinal cord, which is the major conduit for information traveling between brain and body. Peripheral system nerves branch from either the brain stem or the spinal cord.
Which part of the brain controls breathing and blood circulation?
Brain Stem – The brain stem is located beneath the limbic system. It is responsible for vital life functions such as breathing, heartbeat, and blood pressure. The brain stem is made of the midbrain, pons, and medulla.
What are the 2 nervous systems?
The nervous system is made up of the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system: The brain and the spinal cord are the central nervous system.
What are the 4 types of nerves?
These are the sensory nerves, motor nerves and mixed nerves.
What are the 4 functions of the nervous system?
The four main functions of the nervous system are:
- Control of body’s internal environment to maintain ‘homeostasis’ An example of this is the regulation of body temperature. …
- Programming of spinal cord reflexes. An example of this is the stretch reflex. …
- Memory and learning. …
- Voluntary control of movement.