Psychological, or emotional trauma, is damage or injury to the psyche after living through an extremely frightening or distressing event and may result in challenges in functioning or coping normally after the event.
What is the most common psychological trauma?
Vehicle accidents such as cars, boats, airplane and train crashes. Childhood physical, emotional and sexual abuse. Childhood neglect and abandonment. Natural disasters such as earthquakes, tsunamis, fires, etc.
What is an example of a physiological symptom of trauma?
Trauma often manifests physically as well as emotionally. Some common physical signs of trauma include paleness, lethargy, fatigue, poor concentration and a racing heartbeat. The victim may have anxiety or panic attacks and be unable to cope in certain circumstances.
What are the signs of psychological trauma?
Symptoms of psychological trauma
- Shock, denial, or disbelief.
- Confusion, difficulty concentrating.
- Anger, irritability, mood swings.
- Anxiety and fear.
- Guilt, shame, self-blame.
- Withdrawing from others.
- Feeling sad or hopeless.
- Feeling disconnected or numb.
What qualifies as childhood trauma?
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, childhood trauma is defined as: “The experience of an event by a child that is emotionally painful or distressful, which often results in lasting mental and physical effects.”
What are the three types of trauma?
There are three main types of trauma: Acute, Chronic, or Complex
- Acute trauma results from a single incident.
- Chronic trauma is repeated and prolonged such as domestic violence or abuse.
- Complex trauma is exposure to varied and multiple traumatic events, often of an invasive, interpersonal nature.
What are the psychological effects of trauma?
Initial reactions to trauma can include exhaustion, confusion, sadness, anxiety, agitation, numbness, dissociation, confusion, physical arousal, and blunted affect. Most responses are normal in that they affect most survivors and are socially acceptable, psychologically effective, and self-limited.
What are the 5 stages of trauma?
There are 5 stages to this process:
- Denial – this can’t be happening.
- Anger – why did this have to happen?
- Bargaining – I promise I’ll never ask for another thing if only you will
- Depression – a gloom that comes from having to adjust to so much so quickly.
How do you know if you have forgotten trauma?
low self-esteem. mood symptoms, such as anger, anxiety, and depression. confusion or problems with concentration and memory. physical symptoms, such as tense or aching muscles, unexplained pain, or stomach distress.
Do I have trauma or am I overreacting?
If you often feel as though your life has become unmanageable, this could be a sign that you have some unresolved emotional trauma. Emotional overreactions are a common symptom of trauma. A victim of trauma might redirect their overwhelming emotions towards others, such as family and friends.
Can you have trauma without PTSD?
You don’t have to experience a specific trauma to develop PTSD. Many people associate this disorder with military veterans. While PTSD is common in military populations, simply witnessing an event, like a car accident, can trigger PTSD symptoms.