The highest rates emerged from Africa (8.5%) and South America (11.8%). Corroboration comes from a dimensional ADHD scale used in 21 countries. Japanese and Finnish children scored lowest, Jamaican and Thai children scored highest, and American children scored about average (7).
Where is ADHD most common in the world?
An epidemiological study of 20 countries from the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys found that across high-, upper-middle-, and low-/lower-middle-income countries, prevalence rates of ADHD in children and adolescents were highest in the USA (8.1%) and lowest in Iraq (0.1%), Poland (0.3%) and Romania …
Is ADHD common in other countries?
A recent review of studies concluded that the true rate of ADHD among children is pretty similar throughout Asia, Africa, Australia, Europe, and the Americas.
Who has the most ADHD?
Boys are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than girls (12.9% compared to 5.6%).
Millions of US children have been diagnosed with ADHD
- 388,000 children aged 2–5 years.
- 2.4 million children aged 6–11 years.
- 3.3 million children aged 12–17 years.
What population of the world has ADHD?
Thus, 7.2% of this total population is 129 million—a rough estimate of the number of children worldwide who have ADHD. The 2016 National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) interviewed parents and reports the following ADHD prevalence data among children ages 2–17 (Danielson et al. 2018):
Do Japanese kids have ADHD?
Although ADHD was once considered to be restricted to children, research over the last few decades has established that most children with ADHD retain at least some symptoms into adulthood . The prevalence of adult ADHD is estimated as 1.65% in Japan  and 1.2 to 3.2% [2, 4] worldwide.
What is ADHD called in France?
Scientific Differences in ADHD Diagnosis
In the United States, they come from The American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fifth edition (DSM V). In France, they come from the Classification Française des Troubles Mentaux de L’Enfant et de L’Adolescent (CFTMEA).
Do Chinese kids have ADHD?
A total of 67 studies covering 642,266 Chinese children and adolescents were included. The prevalence estimates of ADHD in Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan were 6.5%, 6.4%, and 4.2%, respectively, with a pooled estimate of 6.3%.
Is ADHD real or an excuse?
ADHD is never an excuse for behavior, but it is often an explanation that can guide you toward strategies and interventions that can help better manage symptoms.
What do they call ADHD in Europe?
The terms ‘hyperkinetic disorder’ (HKD) and ‘deficits in attention, motor control and perception’ (DAMP) are still in use in the UK and a few other European countries (HKD) and Scandinavia (DAMP). (HKD defines a subset of patients with a particularly severe form of ADHD.)
How common is ADHD in Canada?
The prevalence estimate of 2.1% for ADHD among 6- to 11-year-olds in Canada is low compared with other estimates. The Ontario Child Health Study reported 6.1% among children aged 4 to 16,23 and the Quebec Child Mental Health Survey, 5.4% among children aged 6 to 14.
How bad is ADHD?
Individuals with ADHD can be very successful in life. However, without identification and proper treatment, ADHD may have serious consequences, including school failure, family stress and disruption, depression, problems with relationships, substance abuse, delinquency, accidental injuries and job failure.
Can you grow out of ADHD?
“Children diagnosed with ADHD are not likely to grow out of it. And while some children may recover fully from their disorder by age 21 or 27, the full disorder or at least significant symptoms and impairment persist in 50-86 percent of cases diagnosed in childhood.
What is the root cause of ADHD?
Genetics. ADHD tends to run in families and, in most cases, it’s thought the genes you inherit from your parents are a significant factor in developing the condition. Research shows that parents and siblings of a child with ADHD are more likely to have ADHD themselves.
What age does ADHD peak?
“The healthy kids had a peak at around age 7 or 8, the kids with ADHD a couple of years later around the age of 10.”
What is the main cause of ADHD?
The cause(s) and risk factors for ADHD are unknown, but current research shows that genetics plays an important role. Recent studies link genetic factors with ADHD. In addition to genetics, scientists are studying other possible causes and risk factors including: Brain injury.