What are some central nervous system disorders?

What are the common diseases of the central nervous system?

Nervous system diseases

  • Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease affects brain function, memory and behaviour. …
  • Bell’s palsy. …
  • Cerebral palsy. …
  • Epilepsy. …
  • Motor neurone disease (MND) …
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS) …
  • Neurofibromatosis. …
  • Parkinson’s disease.

How many nervous system disorders are there?

There are more than 600 neurologic diseases. Major types include: Diseases caused by faulty genes, such as Huntington’s disease and muscular dystrophy.

What are the top 3 common nervous system disorders?

Here are six common neurological disorders and ways to identify each one.

  1. Headaches. Headaches are one of the most common neurological disorders and can affect anyone at any age. …
  2. Epilepsy and Seizures. …
  3. Stroke. …
  4. ALS: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. …
  5. Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia. …
  6. Parkinson’s Disease.

Is Fibromyalgia a central nervous system disorder?

Brain imaging and studies have shown that fibromyalgia is a disorder of the central nervous system. “It’s a neurological disease driven by the central nervous system,” says Clauw.

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What are the signs symptoms that your nervous system is malfunctioning?

Signs and symptoms of nervous system disorders

  • Persistent or sudden onset of a headache.
  • A headache that changes or is different.
  • Loss of feeling or tingling.
  • Weakness or loss of muscle strength.
  • Loss of sight or double vision.
  • Memory loss.
  • Impaired mental ability.
  • Lack of coordination.

What is the most common neurological disorder?

Epilepsy is the most common serious brain disorder worldwide with no age, racial, social class, national nor geographic boundaries.

How do you know if your nervous system is damaged?

You may experience the sudden onset of one or more symptoms, such as: Numbness, tingling, weakness, or inability to move a part or all of one side of the body (paralysis). Dimness, blurring, double vision, or loss of vision in one or both eyes. Loss of speech, trouble talking, or trouble understanding speech.

What is central sensitivity syndrome?

Central sensitivity syndromes (CSSs) represent a heterogeneous group of disorders (e.g., fibromyalgia [FM], irritable bowel syndrome [IBS], chronic headache, temporomandibular disorders [TMDs], pelvic pain syndromes) that share common symptoms, with persistent pain being the most prominent feature.

What is a neuron?

Neurons are information messengers. They use electrical impulses and chemical signals to transmit information between different areas of the brain, and between the brain and the rest of the nervous system. … Neurons have three basic parts: a cell body and two extensions called an axon (5) and a dendrite (3).

What causes central nervous system disorders?

Causes

  • Trauma.
  • Infections.
  • Degeneration.
  • Structural defects.
  • CNS Tumors.
  • Autoimmune disorders.
  • Stroke.
  • Spinal cord.
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What does allodynia mean?

Allodynia is a type of neuropathic pain (nerve pain). People with allodynia are extremely sensitive to touch. Things that don’t usually cause pain can be very painful. These may include cold temperatures, brushing hair or wearing a cotton t-shirt. Allodynia can result from several conditions.

What is the new name for fibromyalgia?

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS)

What are the worst symptoms of fibromyalgia?

The main symptoms of fibromyalgia are outlined below.

  • Widespread pain. If you have fibromyalgia, one of the main symptoms is likely to be widespread pain. …
  • Extreme sensitivity. …
  • Stiffness. …
  • Fatigue. …
  • Poor sleep quality. …
  • Cognitive problems (‘fibro-fog’) …
  • Headaches. …
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)