Self-efficacy theory (SET) is a subset of Bandura’s (1986) social cognitive theory. According to this approach, the two key determinants of behavior are perceived self-efficacy and outcome expectancies. The latter construct refers to the perceived positive and negative consequences of performing the behavior.
What are the 3 key concepts of Albert Bandura?
Bandura asserts that most human behavior is learned through observation, imitation, and modeling.
In social cognitive theory (SCT; Bandura, 1982), behavior is held to be determined by four factors: goals, outcome expectancies, self-efficacy, and sociostructural variables. Goals are plans to act and can be conceived of as intentions to perform the behavior (see Luszczynska and Schwarzer, 2005).
Social Cognitive Theory
- Self-efficacy: The belief that an individual has control over and is able to execute a behavior.
- Behavioral capability: Understanding and having the skill to perform a behavior.
- Expectations: Determining the outcomes of behavior change.
Observational learning is a major component of Bandura’s social learning theory. He also emphasized that four conditions were necessary in any form of observing and modeling behavior: attention, retention, reproduction, and motivation.
Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) started as the Social Learning Theory (SLT) in the 1960s by Albert Bandura. It developed into the SCT in 1986 and posits that learning occurs in a social context with a dynamic and reciprocal interaction of the person, environment, and behavior.
Bandura’s Social Learning Theory posits that learning is impacted by our environments and the interactions that we have. This learning theory, which is also known as observational learning, focuses on how humans can learn through observation and imitation.
Social-Cognitive Learning Theory Activities
Think of a time that you have learned a skill or behavior from observing another person. For example, you may have learned altruistic behavior from seeing your parents bring food to a homeless person, or you may have learned how to train a dog from watching The Dog Whisperer.
– Albert Bandura As the creator of the concept of social learning theory, Bandura proposes five essential steps in order for the learning to take place: observation, attention, retention, reproduction, and motivation.